Why might you need knee replacement surgery?

Knee replacement surgery is perhaps a less well-known procedure than hip replacement, but since the operation was first performed in the late 1960s it has become one of the most successful of all joint replacement procedures.

There are many reasons why patients come to Mr Manoj Sikand for knee replacement in Birmingham, but these are the most common:


Osteoarthritis is the most common form of arthritis, affecting many of the larger joints of the body, including the hips and knees. Osteoarthritis causes the cartilage that cushions and protects these joints to break down, causing pain and limiting the movement of the affected joints.

Anyone can develop osteoarthritis; it can be hereditary, but can also be caused by lifestyle factors such as being overweight, or damage to the joints from previous injury. The condition is characterised by pain, stiffness and swelling in the affected joints, possibly accompanied by a grinding sensation as you move.

If you suffer from osteoarthritis affecting one or both of your knees, you could be a candidate for knee replacement surgery in Birmingham.

Rheumatoid arthritis

Rheumatoid arthritis is an auto-immune condition, which inflames the lining of the joints affected. It causes pain, swelling and stiffness in the joints it affects, which are usually the joints of the hands and feet, although it can affect the knees, which is when knee replacement surgery may be appropriate.

Rheumatoid arthritis tends to be symmetrical, which means if you have rheumatoid arthritis of the knees, both knees will probably be affected. The disease is most common in women aged 15-44.

Post-traumatic arthritis

Post-traumatic arthritis occurs when cartilage begins to wear out on a joint that has previously suffered injury, as a direct result of that injury. The injury could be sports related, or due to a car accident or other trauma. Once a joint has been injured, its mechanics are altered, making it more prone to wear and tear.

If you have previously suffered an injury to your knee and are currently experiencing pain, swelling and stiffness in that knee, you may be a candidate for knee replacement in Birmingham.